Cardiac arrests are more common than you think, and they can happen to anyone at any time.
- Nearly 383,000 out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrests occur annually.
- Many victims appear healthy with no known heart disease or other risk factors.
The life you save with CPR is mostly likely to be a loved one.
- Four out of five cardiac arrests happen at home.
- Statistically speaking, the life you save is likely to be someone at home: a child, a spouse, a parent or a friend.
- Failure to act in a cardiac emergency can lead to unnecessary deaths.
- Effective bystander CPR can double or triple a victim’s chance of survival, but only 32% of cardiac arrest victims get CPR from a bystander.
- Sadly, less than 8% of people who suffer cardiac arrest outside the hospital survive.
1767 The Society for the Recovery of Drowned Persons became the first organized effort to deal with sudden and unexpected death.
1891 Dr. Friedrich Maass performed the first equivocally documented chest compression in humans.
1904 The first American case of closed-chest cardiac massage was performed by Dr. George Crile.
1954 James Elam was the first to prove that expired air was sufficient to maintain adequate oxygenation.
1956 Peter Safar and James Elam invented mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
1957 The United States military adopted the mouth-to-mouth resuscitation method to revive unresponsive victims.
1960 Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was developed. The American Heart Association started a program to acquaint physicians with close-chest cardiac resuscitation and became the forerunner of CPR training for the general public.
1981 A program to provide telephone instructions in CPR began in King County, Washington. The program used emergency dispatchers to give instant directions while the fire department and EMT personnel were en route to the scene. Dispatcher-assisted CPR is now standard care for dispatcher centers throughout the United States.
1990s Early Public Access Defibrillation (PAD) programs are developed with the goal in mind to provide training and resources to the public so they are able to aid in the successful resuscitation of sudden cardiac arrest victims.
|1999 First task force on first aid was appointed
First International Conference on Guidelines for CPR and ECC.
2005 AHA developed the Family & Friends® CPR Anytime® kit, a revolutionary product that allows anyone to learn the core skills of CPR in just 20 minutes. The kit contains everything needed to learn basic CPR, AED skills and choking relief anywhere, from the comfort of your home to a large group setting.
2008 The AHA releases a statement about Hands-Only™ CPR, saying that bystanders who witness the sudden collapse of an adult should dial 911 and provide high-quality chest compressions by pushing hard and fast in the middle of the victim’s chest.
- high blood pressure
- high blood cholesterol
- being overweight or obese
- physical inactivity
It's essential that you measure your risk of heart disease and make a plan for how to prevent it in the near future.